Ephesus, the city of the divine female

Ephesus, the city of the divine female

Ephesus, the city of the divine female

2000 1333 admin

Ephesus, the city of the divine female
Artemis was the main god of Ephesus and she was respected as a mother goddess. In the ancient
times, pilgrims that were attracted by The Temple of Artemis are a part of the crowds that filled the
shiny marble streets and forums of this colorful mega-city. According to Pausanias, ancient Greek
traveler and geographer of the second century A.D., local Anatolian tribes in Ephesus had a shrine
dedicated to local mother goddess Cybele before it was replaced by the Artemis worship that was
introduced by the Greek settlers. Artemis was considered as a virgin huntress, she was the mistress
of animals, the source of life as a mother goddess and the one who nourishes all creatures on earth.
One who visits the Ephesus Archeology Museum today sees the Cybele figures found in Ephesus
before reaching the section where the Artemis cult remains are exhibited. After hundred years of
Artemis worship, pagan cults were replaced by the Christianity with the efforts of St Paul and John.
What more interesting is Virgin Mary was given the title Theotokos, a Greek word that means "God-bearer" (the one who gave birth to God) in Ephesus Council in 431 A.D. that was held in the Church of Mary in Ephesus City. Ephesus, for sure, has been the city of the divine female since Cybele worship of the Bronze Age and this tradition continued with the arrival of Christianity.

Leave a Reply