The history of modern-day

The history of modern-day

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The history of modern-day Turkey is as old as the human history. It is the land where the
Eastern and Western civilizations meet and mingle. In the east, bordering Georgia, Armenia,
Iran, Iraq and Syria, Turkey is strecthing to Caucasia and Mesopotamia. In the West, it has
land-borders with European countries of Bulgaria and Greece while Western and southern
portion of Anatolian peninsula is surrounded with Aegean Sea and Mediterranean Sea.
Therefore it has been a bridge and a gateway between Asia and Europe, not only in terms of
geographical location but also in political cultural aspects.
Due to its unique and special geographic location, Turkey has been invaded by many
different civilizations throughout its long history. The peninsula of Anatolia which is occupied
by modern Turkey is a unique piece of land that has been called as ‘’the cradle of
civilizations’’. No other country in the world has so many ancient and historical sites as in
Turkey. The Hittites, Lydians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans
conquered, flourished and left the ruins of their once mighty empires at every corner of
Turkey. Among these ruins are mighty religious structures such as pagan temples,
synagogues and churches. Monumental religious structures of various beliefs like
Gobeklitepe, the oldest temple in the world, The Great Temple of Artemis and The Basilica
of St John in Ephesus, Hagia Sophia in Istanbul are the remainder of mankind’s religious
journey throughout history.